Does SQL Server 2019 run on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS?

Yes. Here’s the proof from an output of SELECT @@VERSION:

Here’s a screenshot of me running mssql-cli on the Ubuntu Server virtual machine in question. SQL Server 2019 (CTP 2.3) is running on 18.04.2 LTS. Is it supported by Microsoft? Not right now. The official documentation still requires Ubuntu 16.04, and the release channel
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broken glass

Repair SQL Server on Linux after an Ubuntu distribution upgrade

SQL Server 2017 is supported on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Long-Term Support), however that version of Ubuntu Linux is now more than two years old, so you may be tempted to update Ubuntu to a more modern release such as Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver). Unfortunately (as of this writing), SQL Server 2017 is not supported
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